World Cancer Day- Lets fight together against this deadly disease
World Cancer Day (WCD) is observed every year on February 4. Celebration of World Cancer Day signifies the effort by United Nations (UN), World Health Organisations (WHO), government and other major health organisations to unite the world and devise strategies in the fight against the cancer and also disseminate the facts about the epidemic disease, treatments and preventive measures among public. This World Cancer Day event is a substantial initiative held under the guidance of Union for International Cancer Control (UICC), the leading cancer fighting organisation endorsed by more than 400 member organisations across 120 countries.
World Cancer Day was formed in the year 1933 in Geneva, Switzerland under UICC with the support of world’s prominent cancer societies, treatment centres, research institutes and patient groups. The foundation of Cancer Day aims to curb and bring down the deadly disease.
Report reveals that each year more than 12.7 million people undergo cancer diagnosis and over 7 million people die of cancer. The objective of World Cancer Day is to save millions of cancer victims and educate the public about the cancer symptoms, preventive measures and risk of the epidemic disease. Raising awareness about healthy diet, physical activity and environmental carcinogens is also a major part of the World Cancer Day event. To spread the messages health organisations and non-governmental organisations of their own accord take initiative by organising camps, programmes and rallies. The event is hso measured as a significant moment to adopt and implement policies in controlling cancer and promoting a multisectoral response.
World Cancer Day 2012 is particularly notable as it will commemorate the completion of almost half a year after the first UN High-level Meeting on Non Communicable Diseases (NCDs) that is well thought-out as a significant milestone for the global community to take action against the epidemic and also improve initiatives.
The World Cancer Day 2012 to be observed with the theme ‘Together it is possible’ to encourage the general public, government and organisations to be a part of the event and also spread and share the message. Moreover, to help reach out and support local activities, the UICC provides toolkit containing templates, flyers and guidance to various organisations. To reach the public and mark the World Cancer Day, this year the UICC has created a logo.
The cancer threat looms large killing millions and so World Cancer Day is the right time to start preventive measures.
A 1000 crore World Bank project will be implemented soon in order to carry out extensive reforms in higher education sector in Madhya Pradesh.
“All formalities are being completed to facilitate launch of the project. The project is aimed at streamlining the higher education sector”, an official spokesman said after a quarterly review meeting of higher education department at Mantralay.
State chief minister Shivraj Singh Chouh anreviewed financial and physical progress. He asked authorities concerned to speed up construction of college buildings.
It was informed that the general enrolment ratio(GER) of the state has increased from 12.5 to 16.9 exceeding the national level. The use of IT has been maximized. The online counseling for B.Ed has benefited 26000 students who secured admission through online process.
The meeting was informed that new faculties have been introduced in 74 colleges. A proposal for establishing Maharaja Chhatrasal Bundelkhand University has been forwarded to the centre. Minister for Higher Education Laxmikant Sharma, Chief Secretary Avani Vaish and senior offices were present.
Supreme Court on Monday issued notice to the Central Government and Medical Council of India (MCI), seeking explanation regarding a petition demanding an inquiry into illegal clinical trials of untested drugs across the country.
The apex court rapped the Health Ministry and the government, demanding details on a PIL (Public Interest Litigation) filed by Swasthya Adhikar Manch, a Non Governmental Organisation (NGO) over undertaking of illegal drug trials by several multinational pharmaceutical companies.
Sanjay Parikh, counsel for the NGO, said thousands of people continue to face the brunt of unlawful practice.
Pointing out the loopholes in the laws, petitioner urged the court to make appropriate amendments and take stringent action against the firms that violate the norms.
“They actually indulge into this kind of illegal trials which takes place where the inform consent is violated. It is done on poor people, pregnant woman, mentally retarded people, and children. We have provided, the data which is authentic, which has come from debates of Vidhan Sabha and Rajya Sabha that thousands of people have died and thousands are seriously affected because of these trials,” Parikh said.
Meanwhile, Health Minister Ghulam Nabi Azad expressed concern on the matter and said that certain rules and regulations need to be followed while the clinical test is undertaken.
“No drug can be put to market unless you have the clinical trial but only thing is that all precautions have to be taken. There is a laid down procedures for a clinical trial for testing medicine on humans. So, it is sometimes the companies do not go by the laid down procedures when it causes great harm to the person or persons on which this test is carried on,” Azad told reporters in Bangalore.
It has been noticed that profit is the prime driving force for such illegal clinical tests as huge amount of money is being paid to the doctors to conduct such tests.
As reported, several doctors in Madhya Pradesh were penalized for indulging into unethical medical practices. Several cases of deaths and mental and physical deformity have been reported from all over the country due to these trials.
Press Council of India (PCI) Chairman Justice Markandey Katju has said that social networking sites like Facebook and Google should be ready to face legal action on failure to remove objectionable content uploaded on them.
“I have seen the content on these sites and found them to behighly objectionable which may disrupt social harmony. If they fail to check these contents, then they should be ready to face legal action,” Katju said in an informal interaction with mediapersons here last night.
Katju said he totally supports the view of telecom minister Kapil Sibal on the issue of regulating and putting a check on content of these social sites.
The PCI Chairman also did not agree with the argument of these sites that it is not possible to remove objectionable content from being uploaded in huge quantity daily.
Referring to the news content in both print and electronic media, he criticised them for overlooking “real issues” like poverty and farmers suicides and focusing on stars giving birth to a child or death of an actor. On his remarks against media, Katju said that he is not a “dictator” and hoped that one day he would be able to convince other members of the Council about his viewpoints.
To a question, he said if other members did not come around, then he would go by the majority opinion as is the practice in democracy.
Justice Katju has come under severe criticism following his sweeping remarks against media persons within days of taking over as the PCI chief following his retirement as a Supreme Court judge.
He was here to take part in the general council meeting of the Makhanlal Chaturvedi National University of Journalism and Mass Communication.
Legal wrangles over admission to medical college run by a private university in Madhya Pradesh, is getting more complex with conflict between two regulatory bodies over jurisdiction and state government and Medical Council of India (MCI) taking its own positions, leaving the fate of 95 MBBS students uncertain.
Now, the state government as well as the MCI is at loggerheads with the private Peoples’ University, which runs the Peoples’ College of Medical Sciences and Research Centre. On January 11, MCI has asked the university to sack 95 students, admitted under the management quota, but the private varsity has termed it illegal, citing provisions of Private Universities Act 2007 and pending court cases.
A medical education department spokesman refused to comment on the controversy saying that it involved a string of legal issues; including the rights and powers of the state which itself had established the private university through a state legislation.
However, Peoples Group spokesman told that the Letter of Intent (LOI) issued by state government also mandated that from the date of incorporation of the University, the admission process of students could commence. “The admissions to the extent of the sanctioned intake of 150 MBBS are absolutely legal, valid and unquestionable being in compliance of LOI and the provisions of M.P. Private Universities Act, 2007″, he added.
The current row stemmed during admission for academic session 2011-12 due to conflict between two statutory bodies-Admission and Fee Regulatory Committee (AFRC) established under the AFRC Act 2007 and the MP Private University Regulatory Commission set up under the Private Universities Act 2007. AFRC and Director Medical Education had struck to a position that AFRC have jurisdiction over institutions under private universities while private university regulatory commission took a position that AFRC has no jurisdiction over ‘Private Universities”.
AFRC used to govern the admissions and decide fee structure of professional colleges as it was empowered under the AFRC Act of 2007.The trouble began after state government conducted counselling and issued letters to aspiring candidates of PMT-2011, allotting MBBS seats at Peoples Medical College. However, this medical college declined to honour this seat allotment, citing that its legal status has changed as it become a constituent of ” Peoples University” which was incorporated under the provisions of MP Private Universities Act. It also wrote letters to AFRC, DME and regulatory commission apprising them about its “changed legal status”, pointing out that they should not include the institutions under it in counselling and admission process.
Arguing that it was well within its rights to conduct counselling and allot seats to aspirants on the basis of the Pre-Medical Test 2011, the state government issued show-cause notice to the Dean of Peoples College of Medical Sciences and Research Centre.
Meanwhile, the matter went to the Supreme Court on the issue of whether a “private university” is bound with the allotment of seats made by the state government. But, the students who have been allotted seats by the state government, moved the high court which asked the Peoples ‘university to grant provisional admission but mentioned in its order that it will be subject to the outcome of the petition and any direction of the Supreme Court and they will not claim any equity.
In November this year, the Supreme Court directed the university approach the state high court for appropriate orders. It moved a writ petition pleading among others, the MCI, seeking direction of applicability of the M P Private Universities Act, 2007 to it and also challenging the admissions of 95 DME allottees who were granted provisional admissions.
are facing problems in applying for continuation of approval as well as opening of new colleges/courses/branches as the website of the All India Council of Technical Education (AICTE) is working very slowly. During the last three days, the website didn’t open at all and finally opened late on Thursday evening, colleges have said. Colleges have to submit all the applications online, but the show server is not allowing them to access the website. Last date of submission of applications is January 15 and colleges will not be able to meet the deadline. “Since we have to attach acknowledgement of submission of the applications to the state government to the AICTE application and January 14 and 15 are Saturday and Sunday respectively, it is not possible for us to submit the applications by the deadline,” Association of Technical and Professional Institutes (ATPI) patron KC Jain said. AICTE regional officer couldn’t be contacted.
The yuppie Indian’s twin problems-a sedentarylifestyle and poor dietary habits-seem to be rubbing off on Mumbai’s canine population as well. Veterinarians across the city are reporting a growing incidence of renal failure and cardiac diseases among dogs, blaming their human masters of imposing an unhealthy lifestyle on the pets.
The sole dialysis facility for dogs in the city at the Bombay Veterinary College (BVC), attached to the Sakarbai Dinshaw Petit Hospital for Animals in Parel, has been receiving five to six dogs almost every month. In the one year since it was thrown open, over 60 dogs required dialysis after their kidneys stopped functioning. Worse, only 25% survived after dialysis. Heart problems, too, seem to be becoming a serious issue among the canine population. Over the last year, 100 dogs have undergone an echocardiogram examination, a test where sound waves are used to create images of the heart, at the BVC cardiovascular unit. The fact that only those with very serious heart problems are subjected to this echocardiogram reflects the gravity of the situation, say experts. The tests have revealed conditions as critical as enlargement of heart, narrowing or leaking of valves to minor clots in the arteries. An equal or more number of dogs has also undergone radiography examinations for heart problems. City doctors say the only silver lining is that dogs do not suffer cardiac arrests.
Dr J C Khanna, the secretary of the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (SPCA), called the trend “extremely worrisome”. He said renal diseases are affecting all breeds and age groups. “Although we are seeing more dogs between 4 and 8 years coming with the complaint, the ailment is catching up even with the younger ones,” he said.
Khanna blamed renal failure among canines on a protein-rich diet or having processed food with more salt percentage that the kidneys find difficult to process. He said he had seen dogs who needed dialysis twice a day after their creatinine levels had shot up to 10 to 19 mg/dl as against the normal range of 0.5-1.5 mg/dl. Dialysis may not be the ideal answer to the health scare as dogs usually do not live long after undergoing the painful procedure. Late diagnosis is a problem, said Dr D V Keskar, head of medicine at BVC. “If diagnosed early, the dog recovers 80-90%. But, in most cases, we get dogs at advanced stages of diseases, where even dialysis offers no hope,” he added.
While veterinarians feel dietary habits could play a huge role in rising renal failures, there is not much of an explanation for heart diseases. “Some of the breeds like Doberman, boxers, German spaniels, etc. could be pre-disposed to heart problems, but not all can be blamed on genes. Dogs are eating chocolates, icecreams and meals at any time of the day but not burning those calories,” said Dr Rajendra Velhankar, associate professor of medicine in BVC. He said the hospital has treated puppies as young as 3-4 months with unusually big hearts. They had no apparent hereditary reasons to blame.
Interestingly, the city veterinary fraternity is divided on whether pet food or home-cooked food is the solution. SPCA’s Khanna says fresh, home-cooked food served at fixed hours is the healthiest regime. But Dr Makarand S Chavan, head of Dadar’s Dogs & Cats Vet Clinic, believes that special dog foods and sufficient water intake is the answer. “It is easy to make home-food but difficult to make a balanced one,” he said. Veterinary physician Dr Gopal Rayate added that people spend between Rs 20,000 and Rs 40,000 to buy exotic breeds and think the only way to pamper them is by giving them rich food.
But, in certain cases, dietary changes have worked wonders. Like seven-year-old labrador Ronny, who had an enlarged heart. He has been on medication for one and a half years, besides a strict home diet. His doting owner Kishore Mani confesses that Ronny’s symptoms started with difficulty in breathing and reluctance to walk even a few steps. “Since then, we have been giving him only home-cooked food suggested by the nutritionist. He is quite healthy now,” said the Chembur-based advertising professional.